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#[cfg(feature = "bigdecimal")]
mod bigdecimal {
    extern crate bigdecimal;
    extern crate num_bigint;
    extern crate num_integer;
    extern crate num_traits;

    use self::bigdecimal::BigDecimal;
    use self::num_bigint::{BigInt, BigUint, Sign};
    use self::num_integer::Integer;
    use self::num_traits::{Signed, ToPrimitive, Zero};
    use std::io::prelude::*;

    use deserialize::{self, FromSql};
    use pg::data_types::PgNumeric;
    use pg::Pg;
    use serialize::{self, Output, ToSql};
    use sql_types::Numeric;

    #[cfg(feature = "unstable")]
    use std::convert::{TryFrom, TryInto};
    #[cfg(feature = "unstable")]
    use std::error::Error;

    /// Iterator over the digits of a big uint in base 10k.
    /// The digits will be returned in little endian order.
    struct ToBase10000(Option<BigUint>);

    impl Iterator for ToBase10000 {
        type Item = i16;

        fn next(&mut self) -> Option<Self::Item> {
            self.0.take().map(|v| {
                let (div, rem) = v.div_rem(&BigUint::from(10_000u16));
                if !div.is_zero() {
                    self.0 = Some(div);
                }
                rem.to_i16().expect("10000 always fits in an i16")
            })
        }
    }

    fn pg_decimal_to_bigdecimal(numeric: &PgNumeric) -> deserialize::Result<BigDecimal> {
        let (sign, weight, scale, digits) = match *numeric {
            PgNumeric::Positive {
                weight,
                scale,
                ref digits,
            } => (Sign::Plus, weight, scale, digits),
            PgNumeric::Negative {
                weight,
                scale,
                ref digits,
            } => (Sign::Minus, weight, scale, digits),
            PgNumeric::NaN => return Err(Box::from("NaN is not (yet) supported in BigDecimal")),
        };

        let mut result = BigUint::default();
        let count = digits.len() as i64;
        for digit in digits {
            result *= BigUint::from(10_000u64);
            result += BigUint::from(*digit as u64);
        }
        // First digit got factor 10_000^(digits.len() - 1), but should get 10_000^weight
        let correction_exp = 4 * (i64::from(weight) - count + 1);
        let result = BigDecimal::new(BigInt::from_biguint(sign, result), -correction_exp)
            .with_scale(i64::from(scale));
        Ok(result)
    }

    #[cfg(feature = "unstable")]
    impl<'a> TryFrom<&'a PgNumeric> for BigDecimal {
        type Error = Box<Error + Send + Sync>;

        fn try_from(numeric: &'a PgNumeric) -> deserialize::Result<Self> {
            pg_decimal_to_bigdecimal(numeric)
        }
    }

    #[cfg(feature = "unstable")]
    impl TryFrom<PgNumeric> for BigDecimal {
        type Error = Box<Error + Send + Sync>;

        fn try_from(numeric: PgNumeric) -> deserialize::Result<Self> {
            (&numeric).try_into()
        }
    }

    impl<'a> From<&'a BigDecimal> for PgNumeric {
        fn from(decimal: &'a BigDecimal) -> Self {
            let (mut integer, scale) = decimal.as_bigint_and_exponent();
            let scale = scale as u16;
            integer = integer.abs();

            // Ensure that the decimal will always lie on a digit boundary
            for _ in 0..(4 - scale % 4) {
                integer = integer * 10;
            }
            let integer = integer.to_biguint().expect("integer is always positive");

            let mut digits = ToBase10000(Some(integer)).collect::<Vec<_>>();
            digits.reverse();
            let digits_after_decimal = scale as u16 / 4 + 1;
            let weight = digits.len() as i16 - digits_after_decimal as i16 - 1;

            let unnecessary_zeroes = if weight >= 0 {
                let index_of_decimal = (weight + 1) as usize;
                digits
                    .get(index_of_decimal..)
                    .expect("enough digits exist")
                    .iter()
                    .rev()
                    .take_while(|i| i.is_zero())
                    .count()
            } else {
                0
            };

            let relevant_digits = digits.len() - unnecessary_zeroes;
            digits.truncate(relevant_digits);

            match decimal.sign() {
                Sign::Plus => PgNumeric::Positive {
                    digits,
                    scale,
                    weight,
                },
                Sign::Minus => PgNumeric::Negative {
                    digits,
                    scale,
                    weight,
                },
                Sign::NoSign => PgNumeric::Positive {
                    digits: vec![0],
                    scale: 0,
                    weight: 0,
                },
            }
        }
    }

    impl From<BigDecimal> for PgNumeric {
        fn from(bigdecimal: BigDecimal) -> Self {
            (&bigdecimal).into()
        }
    }

    impl ToSql<Numeric, Pg> for BigDecimal {
        fn to_sql<W: Write>(&self, out: &mut Output<W, Pg>) -> serialize::Result {
            let numeric = PgNumeric::from(self);
            ToSql::<Numeric, Pg>::to_sql(&numeric, out)
        }
    }

    impl FromSql<Numeric, Pg> for BigDecimal {
        fn from_sql(numeric: Option<&[u8]>) -> deserialize::Result<Self> {
            // FIXME: Use the TryFrom impl when try_from is stable
            let numeric = PgNumeric::from_sql(numeric)?;
            pg_decimal_to_bigdecimal(&numeric)
        }
    }

    #[cfg(test)]
    mod tests {
        use super::*;
        use std::str::FromStr;

        #[test]
        fn bigdecimal_to_pgnumeric_converts_digits_to_base_10000() {
            let decimal = BigDecimal::from_str("1").unwrap();
            let expected = PgNumeric::Positive {
                weight: 0,
                scale: 0,
                digits: vec![1],
            };
            assert_eq!(expected, decimal.into());

            let decimal = BigDecimal::from_str("10").unwrap();
            let expected = PgNumeric::Positive {
                weight: 0,
                scale: 0,
                digits: vec![10],
            };
            assert_eq!(expected, decimal.into());

            let decimal = BigDecimal::from_str("10000").unwrap();
            let expected = PgNumeric::Positive {
                weight: 1,
                scale: 0,
                digits: vec![1, 0],
            };
            assert_eq!(expected, decimal.into());

            let decimal = BigDecimal::from_str("10001").unwrap();
            let expected = PgNumeric::Positive {
                weight: 1,
                scale: 0,
                digits: vec![1, 1],
            };
            assert_eq!(expected, decimal.into());

            let decimal = BigDecimal::from_str("100000000").unwrap();
            let expected = PgNumeric::Positive {
                weight: 2,
                scale: 0,
                digits: vec![1, 0, 0],
            };
            assert_eq!(expected, decimal.into());
        }

        #[test]
        fn bigdecimal_to_pg_numeric_properly_adjusts_scale() {
            let decimal = BigDecimal::from_str("1").unwrap();
            let expected = PgNumeric::Positive {
                weight: 0,
                scale: 0,
                digits: vec![1],
            };
            assert_eq!(expected, decimal.into());

            let decimal = BigDecimal::from_str("1.0").unwrap();
            let expected = PgNumeric::Positive {
                weight: 0,
                scale: 1,
                digits: vec![1],
            };
            assert_eq!(expected, decimal.into());

            let decimal = BigDecimal::from_str("1.1").unwrap();
            let expected = PgNumeric::Positive {
                weight: 0,
                scale: 1,
                digits: vec![1, 1000],
            };
            assert_eq!(expected, decimal.into());

            let decimal = BigDecimal::from_str("1.10").unwrap();
            let expected = PgNumeric::Positive {
                weight: 0,
                scale: 2,
                digits: vec![1, 1000],
            };
            assert_eq!(expected, decimal.into());

            let decimal = BigDecimal::from_str("100000000.0001").unwrap();
            let expected = PgNumeric::Positive {
                weight: 2,
                scale: 4,
                digits: vec![1, 0, 0, 1],
            };
            assert_eq!(expected, decimal.into());

            let decimal = BigDecimal::from_str("0.1").unwrap();
            let expected = PgNumeric::Positive {
                weight: -1,
                scale: 1,
                digits: vec![1000],
            };
            assert_eq!(expected, decimal.into());
        }

        #[test]
        fn bigdecimal_to_pg_numeric_retains_sign() {
            let decimal = BigDecimal::from_str("123.456").unwrap();
            let expected = PgNumeric::Positive {
                weight: 0,
                scale: 3,
                digits: vec![123, 4560],
            };
            assert_eq!(expected, decimal.into());

            let decimal = BigDecimal::from_str("-123.456").unwrap();
            let expected = PgNumeric::Negative {
                weight: 0,
                scale: 3,
                digits: vec![123, 4560],
            };
            assert_eq!(expected, decimal.into());
        }

        #[test]
        #[cfg(feature = "unstable")]
        fn pg_numeric_to_bigdecimal_works() {
            let expected = BigDecimal::from_str("123.456").unwrap();
            let pg_numeric = PgNumeric::Positive {
                weight: 0,
                scale: 3,
                digits: vec![123, 4560],
            };
            let res: BigDecimal = pg_numeric.try_into().unwrap();
            assert_eq!(res, expected);

            let expected = BigDecimal::from_str("-56.78").unwrap();
            let pg_numeric = PgNumeric::Negative {
                weight: 0,
                scale: 2,
                digits: vec![56, 7800],
            };
            let res: BigDecimal = pg_numeric.try_into().unwrap();
            assert_eq!(res, expected);
        }
    }
}