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use std::io::Write;

use crate::backend::{self, Backend};
use crate::deserialize::{self, FromSql, Queryable, QueryableByName};
use crate::expression::bound::Bound;
use crate::expression::*;
use crate::query_builder::QueryId;
use crate::serialize::{self, IsNull, Output, ToSql};
use crate::sql_types::{is_nullable, HasSqlType, Nullable, SingleValue, SqlType};

impl<T, DB> HasSqlType<Nullable<T>> for DB
where
    DB: Backend + HasSqlType<T>,
    T: SqlType,
{
    fn metadata(lookup: &DB::MetadataLookup) -> DB::TypeMetadata {
        <DB as HasSqlType<T>>::metadata(lookup)
    }
}

impl<T> QueryId for Nullable<T>
where
    T: QueryId + SqlType<IsNull = is_nullable::NotNull>,
{
    type QueryId = T::QueryId;

    const HAS_STATIC_QUERY_ID: bool = T::HAS_STATIC_QUERY_ID;
}

impl<T, ST, DB> FromSql<Nullable<ST>, DB> for Option<T>
where
    T: FromSql<ST, DB>,
    DB: Backend,
    ST: SqlType<IsNull = is_nullable::NotNull>,
{
    fn from_sql(bytes: backend::RawValue<DB>) -> deserialize::Result<Self> {
        T::from_sql(bytes).map(Some)
    }

    fn from_nullable_sql(bytes: Option<backend::RawValue<DB>>) -> deserialize::Result<Self> {
        match bytes {
            Some(bytes) => T::from_sql(bytes).map(Some),
            None => Ok(None),
        }
    }
}

impl<T, ST, DB> ToSql<Nullable<ST>, DB> for Option<T>
where
    T: ToSql<ST, DB>,
    DB: Backend,
    ST: SqlType<IsNull = is_nullable::NotNull>,
{
    fn to_sql<W: Write>(&self, out: &mut Output<W, DB>) -> serialize::Result {
        if let Some(ref value) = *self {
            value.to_sql(out)
        } else {
            Ok(IsNull::Yes)
        }
    }
}

impl<T, ST> AsExpression<ST> for Option<T>
where
    ST: SqlType<IsNull = is_nullable::IsNullable> + SingleValue,
{
    type Expression = Bound<ST, Self>;

    fn as_expression(self) -> Self::Expression {
        Bound::new(self)
    }
}

impl<'a, T, ST> AsExpression<Nullable<ST>> for &'a Option<T>
where
    ST: SqlType<IsNull = is_nullable::NotNull>,
    Nullable<ST>: TypedExpressionType,
{
    type Expression = Bound<Nullable<ST>, Self>;

    fn as_expression(self) -> Self::Expression {
        Bound::new(self)
    }
}

impl<T, DB> QueryableByName<DB> for Option<T>
where
    DB: Backend,
    T: QueryableByName<DB>,
{
    fn build<'a>(row: &impl crate::row::NamedRow<'a, DB>) -> deserialize::Result<Self> {
        match T::build(row) {
            Ok(v) => Ok(Some(v)),
            Err(e) if e.is::<crate::result::UnexpectedNullError>() => Ok(None),
            Err(e) => Err(e),
        }
    }
}

impl<ST, T, DB> Queryable<ST, DB> for Option<T>
where
    ST: SingleValue<IsNull = is_nullable::IsNullable>,
    DB: Backend,
    Self: FromSql<ST, DB>,
{
    type Row = Self;

    fn build(row: Self::Row) -> Self {
        row
    }
}

#[cfg(all(test, feature = "postgres"))]
use crate::pg::Pg;
#[cfg(all(test, feature = "postgres"))]
use crate::sql_types;

#[test]
#[cfg(feature = "postgres")]
fn option_to_sql() {
    type Type = sql_types::Nullable<sql_types::VarChar>;
    let mut bytes = Output::test();

    let is_null = ToSql::<Type, Pg>::to_sql(&None::<String>, &mut bytes).unwrap();
    assert_eq!(IsNull::Yes, is_null);
    assert!(bytes.is_empty());

    let is_null = ToSql::<Type, Pg>::to_sql(&Some(""), &mut bytes).unwrap();
    assert_eq!(IsNull::No, is_null);
    assert!(bytes.is_empty());

    let is_null = ToSql::<Type, Pg>::to_sql(&Some("Sean"), &mut bytes).unwrap();
    let expectd_bytes = b"Sean".to_vec();
    assert_eq!(IsNull::No, is_null);
    assert_eq!(bytes, expectd_bytes);
}